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  • Post published:30/06/2021
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Are you looking for the Rottweiler dog breed information? Do you want to know their temperature, personality, health issues as well as how to care for them in case you already have one or are considering having one?

However, there is so much information online. Unfortunately, most of them do not cover in detail all you need to know about Rottweiler dog breeds. Does this sound like you? If yes, do not worry as we have you covered here.

In this post, you will learn

  • Brief History of the Rottweiler Dog
  • Physical Characteristics of the Rottweiler Dog
  • Rottweiler Temperament
  • Rottweiler Dog Breed Personality
  • Health Problems Associated with the Rottweiler Dog
  • Care of the Rottweiler Dog

Let’s move right in!

Brief History of the Rottweiler Dog

The Rottweiler dogs came about from dogs that were used in ancient times by the Romans to convey the herds that fed the army officers as they travelled in Europe.

During their journey, the local dogs bred with the Roman dogs. The result was the strong dogs which the butchers used to convey cattle to market.

This occurred in Rottweil town. As they were heading home, they used the dogs to protect their proceeds against robbers.

They also used them to pull cart and deliver milk, meat and other items to their various customers.

As technology advances, the demand for Rottweiler fell and almost disappeared. However, dog lovers in Germany saved the breed.

Later, his protective nature and work ethic was appreciated by people from other parts of the world.

Rottweiler dog breed emigrated to the United State of America through a German emigrant around the late 1920s.

The American Kennel Club (AKC), in 1931, officially recognized the Rottweiler dog breed. It was exhibited in 1936 in Britain at Crufts and a different register was, in 1966, opened for the Rottweiler dog breed.

Its popularity peaked by the mid-1990s as it became the American Kennel Club most registered dog.

By the year 2017, the Rottweiler dog breed was ranked by the AKC as the 8th most popular breed in the USA.

Currently, the AKC ranks the Rottweilers as the 17th out of the 155 varieties and breeds registered.

Rottweiler Dog Breed

Next, we move to see the personality of the Rottweiler dog Breed

Keep reading!

Physical Characteristics of the Rottweiler Dog

Body: the loins are strong, short and deep whereas the back is firm, strong and straight.

The croup is medium length, broad, rounded slightly but neither falling away or flat. The chest is broad, roomy and deep together with sprung ribs and forechest that is well developed.

Tail: it is longer a bit when it is positioned along the leg. The tail in its natural condition is strong and level in extension of the upper line when the Rottweilers are paying attention or excited.

When on the move, the tail of the Rottweiler dog breed can be carried upward in a light curve whereas it can be hanging when it is at ease.

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The Rottweilers dog tail is docked at the first or second joint historically and traditional.

Limbs: the front of the legs, when looked at from the front are straight and are close to each other. The shoulder blade slope is approximately 45 degrees while the upper arm fits closely to the body.

The forearm is vertical and straight when looked at from the side.

The nails are strong, black and short but the front of the feet is tight and well arched. Tight and round while the pasterns are strong though not steep and also springy slightly.

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Gait: the movement of the Rottweilers is harmonious, unrestricted and energy full. It is a trotting dog breed whose back is relatively stable and firm. Although, trotting is considered as a fault because it is sluggish.

Coat: it consists of an undercoat and an outer coat. The undercoat can be seen on the thighs and neck while the outer coat is coarse, medium length, flat and dense.

The undercoat may be missing for Rottweilers who may have acclimatized and living in hot climates, although they witness heavy shedding before their seasons.

Size: information from the FCI reveals that at the withers, the Rottweiler dog breed stands 56-63 cm for females and 61-69 cm for males.

The weight is about 35-48 kg for females, 50-60 kg for males and it is relative to their height.

Colour & Markings: Rottweiler’s markings and colours are distinctive. Available statistics from the FCI Standard shows that it is black always with markings that are well clearly defined that look like the rich tan on the muzzle, cheeks, legs, chest and throat likewise the tail base and over both eyes.

Head: the skull is relatively broad between the ears and of medium length. The forehead is arched when looked at from the side while the stop is strong and the frontal groove not too deep.

The nose of the Rottweiler is broader, well developed with relatively large nostrils that are always black.

The lips are black and close-fitting with the corner of the mouth not visible. The Upper and lower jaw are broad.

The eyes should be of medium size, almond-shaped and dark brown in colour. The eyelids are close-fitting and should not droop.

Neck: the Rottweiler dog neck is fairly length, strong, arched slightly, well-muscled, clean, throatiness free and without much dewlap.

Rottweiler Dog Breed

In the next section, we will look into the temperament of the Rottweiler dog breed.

Read on!

Rottweiler Temperament

Rottweiler dog, being one of the best breeds, needs a stable, calm and firm “pack leader” according to the American Rottweiler Club.

Their adults and puppies require exercise, mental challenge stimulation and socialization.

When all these are in place, you will be sure to have a fruitful companion. However, they can be out of control and destructive when not available.

The rottweiler dog breeds have guarding instincts with well-developed genetic and can exhibit dangerous behaviour resulting from irresponsible ownership, neglect, abuse, training or lack of socialization.

Breed experts recommend extensive socialization and formal training as being essential for the Rottweilers.

You May Also Read:  French Bulldog Breed Info: History, Characteristics, Personality Traits and Care.

Reliable information from the AKC reveals that Rottweilers like their owners and may display clownish manners towards friends and family while at the same time being unfriendly with strangers until they are introduced to them.

It is good to have them undergo socialization and obedience training. The male Rottweilers have been shown to have more sharpness, defence, confidence and can play drives more than their female counterpart according to one study that was published in the year 2008.

In addition, a survey carried out in the same year 2008 showed that the Rottweilers dog breeds are more aggressive towards other dogs and the owner which are correlated with territorial instincts and watchdog

Rottweiler Dog Breed

Next, we will discuss the personality of the Rottweiler dog breed.

Stay tuned!

Rottweiler Dog Breed Personality

You may have heard that the Rottweilers have a bad reputation as some may be downright mean, aggressive and sometimes unfriendly to people.

Although this may be true, it is not applicable to all Rottweilers. The personality of the Rottweilers just like all dogs on earth depends on their breeding, upbringing and parent’s personality.

The bad personalities do come as a result of puppies that are poorly bred with improper socialization. The true personality is a function of a loyal and steadfast watchdog combined with an incredibly loving homebody.

The Rottweilers keen eye for their environments, adaptation with their ability to learn are superb. They are gentle and patient with children and tend to protect them the more they know them and stay with them.

The Rottweiler dog breeds are very cautious which people understood most often as being mean and are extremely reserved when people infringe upon the ones they love in addition to knowing how best to react if the situation calls for it.

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They sometimes create a level of dependency with their owners while at the same time love to love and love to be loved.

This means that if you do not have enough time to bond with them. They are not the right dog for you as their separation anxiety will cause them to grow nervous, restless, aggressive and destructive.

They are very sensitive while being confident, powerful and dignified and can become introverted towards the owners if he/she is too dominant.

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Furthermore, if they are properly cared for and raised, they can be a good companion and will love you immensely and also protect the house.

One more important thing you need to know about the personality of the Rottweiler dog breeds is that they are fearless if called to action and can respond effectively toward protecting their loved ones.

Having discussed in detail the personality of the dog, I guess you may also be interested to know health problems associated with the Rottweilers.

Tag along!

Health Problems Associated with the Rottweiler Dog

Just like all dogs, Rottweiler dogs are pruned to some health challenges. It is very important that you are familiar with them in case you are considering having one.

If you are considering purchasing a puppy, you should first request to know the puppy’s clearance including their parents.

The essence is to ensure that the dog has been certified okay of any health issue. Some of the common health problems are

Osteosarcoma: it is an aggressive bone cancer that affects mainly giant and large breeds and its first sign is lameness.

But the dog should first be examined to ascertain the problem. Amputation of the chemotherapy and limb are remedies to treat Osteosarcoma aggressively enabling the dog to live 9 months to 2 years more.

After the treatment, the Rottweiler dog can still adapt to life with 3 legs just like human beings who recovered from hair loss and nausea.

Elbow Dysplasia: it is an elbow joint malformation that is hereditary, and its severity can be ascertained through x-ray.

In some situations, the veterinary doctor may recommend medication to reduce the pain or even outright surgery depending on the condition.

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Hip Dysplasia: just like elbow dysplasia, it is a hereditary health challenge where the thigh bone does not fit well into the hip joint.

When such occur, the dog may show lameness and pain in the rear legs. But sometimes, no sign may be noticed with arthritis developing as the dog age.

The condition may worsen due to environmental factors like falling on slick floors, rapid growth from a high calories diet or injuries incurred from jumping.

It is not advisable to breed dogs with this health challenge and always ensure that the one you are purchasing is free of hip dysplasia by requesting proof.

Panosteitis: it is also called “growing pains” and common with puppies around the age of 4 months old with lameness as the primary symptom.

Making sure that the puppies have enough rest can serve as its treatment. However, in a situation that you notice that your pet is limping, the ideal thing to do is to have the dog checked by your vet.

Hypothyroidism: thyroid hormone deficiency causes hypothyroidism, and its signs include obesity, infertility, lack of energy, mental dullness, among others.

In some cases, the Rottweiler dog skin may become dark and tough while the fur may become brittle and coarse and begin to fall out.

For its treatment, a thyroid replacement pill on daily basis is ideal and may continue throughout the lifespan of the dog.

Sub-aortic Stenosis/Aortic Stenosis: this defect in the heart is sometimes noticed in the Rottweiler dog breed.

It is a situation where the aorta shrinks under the valve of the aortic thereby forcing the heart of the dog to work extra hard to supply the body blood.

If not well managed can result in sudden death or even fainting.

Gastric Dilatation-volvulus: it is also known as Torsion or Bloat. It affects Rottweiler and is life-threatening especially when they drink a large amount of water after eating, eat rapidly, fed one large meal a day or exercise heavily after a meal.

The food type and raised feeder seem to be linked to the cause according to experts and are common among old Rottweilers.

When it occurs, the dog will not be able to vomit to get rid of excess air in their stomach causing a blockage in the normal blood return to the heart.

When the dog is not given adequate medical attention, it can go into shock due to dropping in blood pressure which may result in death.

You should always take your dog for regular check-ups to detect any health-related issues on time

Having digested the health problems associated with the Rottweilers, let’s move to their care.

Stay tuned!

Care of the Rottweiler Dog

It is always better to live in the home together with your Rottweilers rather than keeping them in the backyard as they may become destructive, aggressive and bored as a result.

Because they are sometimes aggressive towards strangers who come into your house or even to other dogs, it is good to erect a fence around your compound.

In addition, you may consider putting a notice to your visitors advising them not to enter your home without being escorted by you or another family member living with you.

They enjoy going hiking and playing balls and their activeness will start to decrease a couple of ten to twenty minutes walks every day.

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They also require more structured activities and longer exercise times and their intelligence, trainability and athleticism make them more suitable for obedience and agility competition as well as therapy, track work in addition to their pulling a wagon or cart.

Keep in mind when training Rottweiler dog breed that they work well on mental stimulation. They are eager to please and like learning new things. You should not find this very cumbersome if you have a consistent schedule.


We have finally come to the end of the Rottweiler dog breed information. We have been able to cover in detail their history, temperature, personality, health challenges as well as how to care for them.

How satisfied are you with this article? Do you think there is anything we may have omitted? I will like to hear from you in the comment section.

Kindly feel free to share with your friends as the information may also benefit them in one way or the other. Thanks for reading.












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